Caractacus Before Emperor Claudius, 1st Century
Caractacus before the Emperor Claudius, 1st Century AD. Caratacus was a 1st century British chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe, who led the British resistance to the Roman conquest. Before the Roman invasion Caratacus is associated with the expansion of his tribe's territory. His apparent success led to Roman invasion, nominally in support of his defeated enemies. He resisted the Romans for almost a decade, mixing guerrilla warfare with set-piece battles, but was unsuccessful in the latter. After his final defeat he fled to the territory of Queen Cartimandua, who captured him and handed him over to the Romans. He was sent to Rome as a war prize, to be executed after a triumphal parade. Although a captive, he was allowed to speak to the Roman senate. Caractacus made such an impression that Emperor Claudius pardoned him and he was allowed to live in peace in Rome. Claudius (August 1, 10 BC - October 13, 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54 AD. Image taken from page 23 of "A History of England for the Young" by Henry Tyrrell, 1872, entitled: Caractacus before the Emperor Claudius.
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